P. WangF. PercheP. MidouxC.S.D. CabralV. MalardI.J. CorreiaH. El-Hafci, H. PetiteD. Logeart-AvramoglouC. Pichon

J Control Release. 2021 Jun 10;334:188-200.

DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000004317

Messenger RNA (mRNA) activated matrices (RAMs) are interesting to orchestrate tissue and organ regeneration due to the in-situ and sustained production of functional proteins. However, the immunogenicity of in vitro transcribed mRNA and the paucity of proper in vivo mRNA delivery vector need to be overcome to exert the therapeutic potential of RAM. We developed a dual mRNAs system for in vitro osteogenesis by co-delivering NS1 mRNA with BMP2 mRNA to inhibit RNA sensors and enhance BMP-2 expression. Next, we evaluated a lipopolyplex (LPR) formulation platform for in vivo mRNA delivery and adapted the LPRs for RAM preparation. The LPR formulated BMP2/NS1 mRNAs were incorporated into an optimized collagen-nanohydroxyapatite scaffold and freeze-dried to prepare ready-to-use RAMs. The loaded BMP2/NS1 mRNAs lipopolyplexes maintained their spherical morphology in the RAM, thanks to the core-shell structure of LPR. The mRNAs release from RAMs lasted for 16 days resulting in an enhanced prolonged transgene expression period compared to direct cell transfection. Once subcutaneously implanted in mice, the BMP2/NS1 mRNAs LPRs containing RAMs (RAM-BMP2/NS1) induced significant new bone tissue than those without NS1 mRNA, eight weeks post implantation. Overall, our results demonstrate that the BMP2/NS1 dual mRNAs system is suitable for osteogenic engagement, and the freeze-dried RAM-BMP2/NS1 could be promising off-the-shelf products for clinical orthopedic practice.