B. Charbonnier, M. Manassero, M. Bourguignon, A. Decambron, H. El-Hafci, C. Morin, D. Leon, M. Bensidoum, S. Corsia, H. Petite, D. Marchat, E. Potier
Acta Biomaterialia ; Volume 109, June 2020, Pages 254-266
The architectural features of synthetic bone grafts are key parameters for regulating cell functions and tissue formation for the successful repair of bone defects. In this regard, macroporous structures based on triply-periodic minimal surfaces (TPMS) are considered to have untapped potential.
In the present study, custom-made implants based on a gyroid structure, with (GPRC) and without (GP) a cortical-like reinforcement, were specifically designed to fit an intended bone defect in rat femurs. Sintered hydroxyapatite implants were produced using a dedicated additive manufacturing technology and their morphological, physico-chemical and mechanical features were characterized. The implants’ integrity and ability to support bone ingrowth were assessed after 4, 6 and 8 weeks of implantation in a 3-mm-long, femoral defect in Lewis rats.
GP and GPRC implants were manufactured with comparable macro- to nano-architectures. Cortical-like reinforcement significantly improved implant effective stiffness and resistance to fracture after implantation. This cortical-like reinforcement also concentrated new bone formation in the core of the GPRC implants, without affecting newly formed bone quantity or maturity. This study showed, for the first time, that custom-made TPMS-based bioceramic implants could be produced and successfully implanted in load-bearing sites. Adding a cortical-like reinforcement (GPRC implants) was a relevant solution to improve implant mechanical resistance, and changed osteogenic mechanism compared to the GP implants.
In collaboration with Ecole des Mines de Saint-Etienne .