N. Larochette, H. El-Hafci, E. Potier, N. Setterblad, M. Bensidhoum, H. Petite, D. Logeart-Avramoglou

Acta Biomaterialia, Available online 8 September 2020

DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2020.09.003

While human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is a promising growth factor for bone regeneration, a major challenge in biomedical applications is finding an optimal carrier for its delivery at the site of injury. Because of their natural affinities for growth factors (including BMP-2) as well as their role in instructing cell function, cultured cell-derived extracellular matrices (ECM) are of special interest. We hereby hypothesized that a “bony matrix” containing mineralized, osteogenic ECM is a potential efficacious carrier of BMP-2 for promoting bone formation and, therefore, compared the efficacy of the decellularized ECM derived from osteogenic-differentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to the one obtained from ECM from undifferentiated hMSCs. Our results provided evidence that both ECMs can bind BMP-2 and promote bone formation when implanted ectopically in mice. The osteoinductive potential of BMP-2, however, was greater when loaded within an osteogenic MSC-derived ECM; this outcome was correlated with higher sequestration capacity of BMP-2 over time in vivo. Interestingly, although the BMP-2 mainly bound onto the mineral crystals contained within the osteogenic MSC derived-ECM, these mineral components were not involved in the observed higher osteoinductivity, suggesting that the organic components were the critical components for the matrix efficacy as BMP-2 carrier.

In collaboration with Saint-Louis Technology Platform, PARIS University, IRSL, INSERM, Paris, France .

Please find here the original publication .